FOOTBALL

Protection
You wear a helmet to protect your head.
Image Provided by Classroom Clipart
You wear shoulder pads to protect your shoulders... For more shoulder pads click here.
A Helmet
The Equipment

Other pads protect

_ the ribs;

_the tailbone;

_ the thigs;

_the knees

-etc.

You can have a look at the equipent or shop at the following site:
www.footballamerica.com/home.jsp
You can have a look at pads at footballamerica dot com
Football gloves can protect your hands and enable you to catch the ball easierly.
You can have a look at gloves at footballamerica dot com
Jerseys are a kind of T-shirt on which appears the name and number of the player and the teams logo.
You can have a look at jerseys on the Steelers' site.

Thanks to Jerseys, you know:

_who the players are;

_which position they play.

 

1-19: Quarterbacks (QB), wide receivers (WR), kickers (K), and punters (P)

20-49: Running backs (RB) and defensive backs (DB)

40-49: Tight ends (TE) and running backs (RB)

50-59: Centers (C) and linebackers (LB)

80-89: Wide receivers (WR) and tight ends (TE)

90-99: Defensive linemen and linebackers

Cleats are the shoes you wear to play football. They protect your feet.
The teams
You can have a look at cleats at footballamercia dot com
Football teams are divided into three teams: the offense, the defense and the special teams.
The Offense
The Offensive Line
The other four (4) players may line up anywhere behind the line of scrimmage.
Five (5) players must be designated as ineligible receivers.
There must be at least seven (7) players on the line of scrimmage.

X = center

G= Guard

T= Tackle

L = Left

R = Right

He puts the ball into play by means of a snap. He passes the ball to the quarterback.

They line up next to the center.

They protect the quarterback.

They perform blocks.

The Center
The Offensive Guards
The Offensive Tackles
The Full Back

They line up next to the guards.

They protect the quarterback.

They perform blocks.

 

He can give the ball to a running back.
He catches the snap, i.e. the pass from the center.

They line up near the tackles.

They can perform blocks.

They can run and catch a pass.

He can pass the ball to a wide receiver.
He can pass the ball to a tight end.
He can run with the ball.
The Tight Ends
The Wide Receivers
The Flanker
A flanker is a wide receiver who lines up behind the line of scrimmage.
He is positioned in the middle. He may do some blocking, some running and some short receiving.
The Half Back or Tail Back
The Nose
They try to stop the quarterback from passing the ball. They line up in front of the offensive guards. They have many responsibilities.
The Open End
The Defensive Ends
Under Tackles
He lines up outside the defensive guard
They try to stop the quarterback from passing the ball. They line up over the offensive tackles.
Defensive tackles, defensive ends, nose tackles, open ends and elephant ends are the defensive linemen.
The Special Teams
He is the defensive lineman who lines up directly in front of the center.
The Defensive Tackles
He lines up away from the tight end side.
The Elephant End
The Cornerbacks
They are the cornerbacks and the safeties.
He is also called the weak-side linebacker. He covers the weak side.
He is also known as the middle linebacker. He lines up in the middle, opposite the center.
He lines up over the tight end.

They are positioned 2 to 4 yards behind the defensive line.

They can attack the quarterback.

They can try to stop the WR or the TE from catching the ball.

They can try to stop the running back.

The Defensive Backs
Sam Linebacker
The Linebackers
He lines up on the tight end side.
Willy Linebacker
Mike Linebacker
They try to intercept the ball. They cover the wide receivers.
The Safeties
They help the cornerbacks to cover the wide receivers.
Strong Safety

Free Safety

The strong safety aligns to the tight end side. He usually covers the tight end or he running back.
He is there to stop long passes.
Nickel
The Kick Off
Scoring
The dime is the sixth defensive back that enters the game.
The Dime
The Nickel is the fifth defensive back that enters the game.
The game lasts an hour. It is divided into four 15-minute quarters.There is a half-time intermission.
Time
The Scoreboard
The Gridiron (the football field)

Kicker (K): he kicks the ball when there is a kick off, or a field goald or sometimes even punts.

Holder (H): he holds the ball for the kicker. He is positioned from 7 to 8 yards from the line of scrimmage.

Long Snapper (LS): he is a specialized center who snaps the ball directly to the holder or punter.

Kick Returner (KR): he returns kick offs. he is usally a wide receiver or a cornerback.

Punter (P): he kicks the ball, i.e. punts it.

Upback: he blocks. He lines up 2 to 3 yards behind the line of scrimmage. the upbacks are the second line of defense.

Punt returner (PR): he returns punts.

Gunner (KO):a very fast runner who during punts and kick offs tries to stop the punt returner of kick returner.

Wedge Buster (KO): his goal is to break the wall of blockers on kick offs.

Hands Teams: they prevent the kicking team from recovering the ball.

 

A punt formation.
Starting the game

The game starts with a kick off. The kicker kicks the ball as far as possible so that the offense will have to cover the most field possible.

The kick returner tries to carry the ball back up the field as far as possible.

The touchdown

If the offense wins ten yards in less than four downs when they are in the last ten yards they score a touchdown.The team scores 6 points.

When the ball crosses the zero yard line, it is a touchdown. The player needn't cross the line nor need he touch the ground with the ball.

Six points.

Blocking is legal five yards behind the line of scrimmage. After blocking becomes illegal.
Extra point
Blocking

If a player who is holding the ball is tackled in his ownend zone, the opponent team wins two points.

2 points

Safety
Field goals

After scoring a touchdown, the offense can try to win an extra point. If the kicker kicks the ball above the horizontal bar and between the two vertical bars ( the goal posts), the team is awarded an extra point.

One point.

If the offense cannot get a first down, they can try to score a field goal.The kicker kicks the ball. If the ball goes above the horizontal bar and between the two vertical bars ( the goal posts), the team is awarded three points.

 

3 points

The Quarterback
Punting: giving the ball back

The offense has four tries called downs to cover ten (10) yards.

If they don't cover the ten yards, the ball goes back to the other team.

The other team starts where the ball last was. So, the offense most often punts the ball so that the other offense team will have to cover as much ground as possible before approaching the end zone.

Defensive Football Strategies, American Football Coaches Association, Human Kinetics, 2000, ISBN-13: 978-0-7360-0142-7, ISBN-10: 0-7360-0142-5
Football Coaching Strategies, American Football Coaches Association, Human Kinetics, 1995, ISBN 0-87322-869-3
Football for Dummies, Howie Long with John Czarnecki, Wiley Publishing Inc., Indianapolis, Indiana, 2007, ISBN 978-0-47012536-6
Offensive Football Strategies, American Football Coaches Association, Human Kinetics, 2000, ISBN-13: 978-0-7360-0139-7, ISBN-10: 0-7360-0139-5
Bibliography
The Football Coaching Bible, American Football Coaches Association, Human Kinetics, 2002, ISBN-13: 978-0-7360-4411-0, ISBN-10: 0-7360-4411-6
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Formation_%28American_football%29
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/American_football